Define Inflammation- What Causes Inflammation?

Define Inflammation and What Causes Inflammation

Healthy gums are pink and firm, so swollen and red-swollen gums may be an indication that you have a gingival problem. There are several reasons why you might have swollen gums, so it is important that you understand what is causing the gum inflammation.


Some of the causes of gum inflammation are:

  • Plaque – plaque buildup is a common cause of the first stage of gum disease, gingivitis. Bacterial plaque constantly forms on and around teeth, and, if not removed with regular brushing, can irritate the gums and cause them to become red and inflamed. The inflammation associated with gum disease does not usually hurt, but if left untreated, it can evolve into periodontitis, an irreversible and more serious stage of gum disease that can result in the loss of teeth.
  • Canker sores – these red, white or gray sores can be painful and appear anywhere in the mouth, including the gums, which can cause them to ache and swell. You can have one or many sores at the same time in the mouth. Although they are uncomfortable, they are usually harmless and disappear within a few days. An antimicrobial mouthwash, such as 0.2% periodontal extra mouthwash, can inhibit the formation of bacterial plaque. You have to go to the doctor if the sores are persistent and appear again and again.
  • Gum abrasion – if you brush too hard or aggressively, you can damage the delicate gingival tissue and cause it to hurt and swell. An effective technique to solve this problem is to use a smooth and circular movement in brushing.

Since there are many reasons why the gums can become inflamed, you should ask the dentist for an appointment to find out what is causing the gum inflammation and get expert advice on how to treat it.


If your gum inflammation is an indication of gingivitis, the best way to help restore good health to your gums is to ask the dentist how to improve your daily oral care routine. It can be as simple as brushing your teeth twice a day two minutes with a fluoride toothpaste or a daily toothpaste specialist in gum health, such as periodontal.

Switching to periodontal toothpaste can help stop and prevent bleeding gums. With a brushing twice a day, it is x4 times more effective than a conventional toothpaste by eliminating the accumulation of the bacterial plaque in the gum line (area where the gum joins the tooth), 

Swollen Gum Around One Tooth Caused by Gingivitis

and helps maintaining strong teeth and healthy gums. If you are at risk of developing more serious gingival problems, the dentist may recommend using interdental brushes to help clean hard-to-reach areas and a short cycle with the any Extra 0.2% mouthwash to help end bacterial plaque. .

How To Cure Bleeding Gums

Pale Gums

One of the best ways to cure bleeding and inflammation is good brushing. If the bleeding is mild, simply use a special mouthwash for gums after brushing. Although the bleeding appears when we brush, continuing to do it properly will allow it to stop. It would be a mistake not to do so because this would imply that the symptoms are accentuated. The condition improves with a gentle brushing after each meal, focusing on inflamed areas. Use dental floss or interproximal brushes to clean the areas between the teeth. Do not forget to clean your tongue, because under it are 70% of the bacteria in the mouth. Serious cases should be attended by a specialist. Opting for professional medical treatment such as those provided by maxillofacial surgery could be the solution. Especially if the symptoms get worse.

Other tips to prevent bleeding

  • Lower sugar consumption – because it facilitates the accumulation of tartar.
  • Increase the intake of vegetables, fruits and other calcium-rich foods such as spinach and dairy.
  • Discard tobacco – because it causes blood vessels to rupture by reducing their flexibility and consumes a lot of water.
  • Massaging the gums with aloe vera for its anti-inflammatory properties, will reduce bleeding.
  • Do not consume aspirin
  • Visit the dentist at least every six months.

A dentist usually performs a treatment to reduce inflammation with the elimination of bacterial plaque. Combine it with home therapy guidelines that can be antimicrobial through antiseptic or antibiotic mouthwashes.

  • Specialists recommend using the electric brush with oscillating rotational technology because it is more effective in removing the plate. It also controls the usage time better. Try to brush making circular and smooth movements.
  • On the other hand, toothpaste must contain anti-plaque properties to combat dental biolfilm. There are options in the market where they combine fluoride with other compounds such as tin fluoride to be more effective.

Treatments for gingivitis and periodontitis

When severe gingivitis occurs, as a cause of why my gums bleed, the patient should be given antibiotics and chlorhexidine rinses. In case of periodontitis, you must undergo several tests including photos, evaluation of the gum by catheterization and radiographs.

Then perform scraping and root smoothing to achieve deep hygiene. You will have the situation under control after three or four months. If you suffer from severe periodontitis, surgery will become necessary to recover the bone.

How To Cure Bleeding Gums

Home remedies

Another option to cure gums is to apply natural treatment. Many are inclined to use salt water twice a day. Mix a tablespoon of salt in a glass with water. It works as an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory, it is used after brushing as a mouthwash. Lemon is another option, add the juice of half a lemon in a glass of warm water. Meanwhile, tea with honey helps with the tannic acid it contains by having antiseptic properties. In addition, honey is antibacterial, its combination will help lower inflammation.

In severe cases, rinse your mouth with ice water every two hours or suck ice cubes to stop bleeding. If the soft bristle brush still causes bleeding, use a disposable sponge swab or ice cream stick wrapped in gauze. To soften the bristles, pour hot water. Avoid hot foods and drinks, eat foods of soft consistency but high in calories and protein. And, remember that prostheses should be kept out of the mouth if they don’t fit properly.


Vtorichnaya Adentiya

In dentistry, there are cases of the absence of some teeth in a patient. They may be partially or completely lacking due to loss or due to improper development of the dentofacial system. This condition is called Adentia. The doctor evaluates the primary signs during a visual examination. The exact diagnosis is confirmed by radiography or orthopantomography. Treatment is carried out exclusively with prosthetics: the patient is made removable prostheses to replace the missing units, or dental implantation is performed.

Complete adentia in the form of a congenital anomaly is extremely rare. More often, the disease is caused by age-related changes in the body, diseases and natural processes that cause tooth loss. In addition to the aesthetic component, such an ailment entails a violation of the digestive tract, defects in diction and articulation, and deformation of the facial skeleton may develop.

Disease classification

Adentia manifests itself as a complete or partial absence of teeth, is diagnosed at different ages and for various reasons, it is these parameters that are paramount in the classification, which distinguishes two types of disease:
  • Primary adentia
  • Secondary lack of teeth
Primary adentia is a congenital pathology. Secondary adentia is an acquired disease over time. In addition, there are varieties of manifestations of the disease: both temporary and permanent teeth can be absent. In this case, the true primary disease is characterized by the fact that even the tooth germ is absent. In some cases, directed research shows the merger of adjacent crowns, or a serious increase in the timing of the appearance of certain teeth – this is a false adentia. s symmetrical and asymmetric development of adentia.

Partial and full adentia are classified by counting the number of missing dental units. If up to 10 units are missing, then a partial adentia is diagnosed. In this case, most often the third molars, the second premolar and the upper incisors are not counted. If more than 10 units are not enough before the norm, the disease is considered as a multiple manifestation of the pathology. Secondary partial adentia is a violation of the continuity of the dentition with the absence of 1 to 15 units. Orthopedic dentistry studies the disease and applies the Kennedy classification in practice, which divides the 4 classes of defects that manifest partial adentia.

Primary Adentia
  • There are no chewing teeth on either side of the jaw.
  • One distal support (one-sided defect) is lost.
  • Defect on the one hand, distal support is present.
  • Lack of front units (frontal defect).

If there is a manifestation of signs from different classes, the disease is diagnosed by the smaller of the observed classes. In addition, there are subspecies of the disease, as well a

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